Monday, May 25, 2020
Although both para quÃ © and por quÃ © used in questions in Spanish are usually translated as why, there is a subtle difference in meaning between them. Simply, the question Ã ¿Por que? might be thought of as Why? the question Ã ¿Para quÃ ©? might be thought of as What for? Por quÃ © addresses the cause of something and looks back to the reason or motivation for the action. Para quÃ © looks forward to the purpose, goal, objective or intention of something. Note that there are four different ways to writeÃ porÃ quÃ ©, such as one word, two words, with and without an accent over the e, and there are differences in meaning. Ways to Use Para QuÃ © and PorÃ QuÃ © It is often possible to substituteÃ porÃ quÃ ©Ã forÃ para quÃ ©, but not always the other way around. In situations whereÃ porÃ quÃ ©Ã is substituted forÃ para quÃ ©, the point of emphasis in the sentence changes. Spanish Sentence English Translation Para qu vas al dentista? Why are you going to the dentist? [For what reason?] Para qu quiere pagar ms? Why does he want to pay more? [For what purpose?] Para qu estudias espaol? Para viajar? Why to do study Spanish? For travel? [For what reason?] Por qu muri el soldado? What caused the soldier to die? Para qu muri el soldado? For what purpose did the soldier die? Por qu gan la eleccin? What caused her to win the election? Para qu gan la eleccin? For what purpose did she win the election? Por qu es eso? Why is that? Para qu es eso? Whats that for? Por qu nieva mucho ms en Nueva York que en Madrid? Why does it snow much more in New York than in Madrid? Por qu hay pocos trompetistas en comparacin con otros instrumentistas? Why are there few trumpeters in comparison with other instrumentalists? Por qu brilla el sol? Why does the sun shine? The Difference Between Por QuÃ ©, Porque, Por Que,Ã El PorquÃ © Para quÃ ©Ã andÃ porÃ quÃ ©Ã are somewhat easier to differentiate, but what happens when there are four words spelled almost exactly the same way and each with slightly different meanings:Ã por quÃ ©, porque, por que and porquÃ ©? Something as simple as an accent mark can make all the difference in a sentence. Por quÃ ©Ã is, together withÃ porque, one of the most often used of the fourÃ porques. It meansÃ Ã¢â¬Å"why,Ã¢â¬ very much the same way as it is used in English.Ã When you ask a question usingÃ Ã¢â¬Å"why,Ã¢â¬ and you get an answer beginning with, Ã¢â¬Å"because, thats a good way to remember whatÃ porque, as one word, with no accent, means. Spanish Sentence English Translation Por qu has venido? Porque tengo tiempo libre. Why have you come? Because I have some free time. Por qu no comes pizza? Porque no tengo hambre. Why have you come? Because I have some free time. Por qu te vas? Porque ya es muy tarde. Why are you leaving? Because it is too late already. ElÃ porquÃ ©Ã is a Spanish noun meaning the reason. It is writtenÃ with an accent mark over theÃ e and requires the definitive article el, meaning the. For example,Ã No entiendoÃ el porquÃ ©Ã de tu decisiÃ ³n, which means, I do not understand the reason behind your decision. PorÃ que,Ã two words without an accent mark, is the least commonly used.Ã It can be translated as Ã¢â¬Å"for which.Ã¢â¬ It is used as a prepositional phrase. For example,Ã Este es el motivo por que no llamÃ ©, translating to, This is the reason for which I didnt call.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
My search began when I had to chose something that interested me. Looking at the list of topics on the board of Mr.MurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s room everything seemed so cliche and broad. Teen pregnancy, police brutality, heroin- stuff we see everyday and already know or formed views about. IÃ¢â¬â¢m so indecisive I did not know what to pick. Everyone else had their topics, and all of them were interesting and slightly meaningful. I had nothing. Then Mr.Murphy said, Ã¢â¬Å"you need to pick something relevant to you, pick a topic you can take away from and use in the future.Ã¢â¬ I began pondering. Bingo! Ã¢â¬Å"Are children being overly medicated?Ã¢â¬ This interested me because my father always talked about how when he was a kid he was put on Ritalin for ADHD, and constantly discusses with me his fear for his little brother who is currently being medicated for ADHD. I read one article, and it stated that maybe kids are just being under treated, not overly medicated. That interested me, a nd made me think about my own life. Ever since freshman year I have tried talking to my mom about my depression and going to a therapist. I am currently a senior in highschool and still have yet to receive any treatment. Ã¢â¬ËUnder treatedÃ¢â¬â¢ was relatable to not only me but probably many other teens. Before I read further information I already knew that when taking any type of medication for behavior issues users might not like the side effects. I also was aware that sixty-one-percent of children ages two to seventeen have received aShow MoreRelatedThe Implementation Of Police And Community Outreach Programs Essay875 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEducational systems in poor communities are not academically up to par with schools in wealthier neighborhoods. Unemployment rates are higher in poor communities, and teenage pregnancies and criminal activities are significantly higher as compared to wealthy neighborhoods. This second case study will concentrate on the implementation of police and community outreach programs that will help reduce criminal activities and poverty in the Hermitage Glen housing area. Specific programs introduced in this scenarioRead MoreWhy America Should Not Be A Multicultural Country Ever Since The 18th Century983 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesblack teenager, Michael Brown was gunned down by an armed police man. Witnesses claimed that Brown was a few yards away from the police man before he was gunned down. In protest to the police brutality people revolted in violent riots all over Missouri and a majority of the south. However, people did protest in peace in South Carolina protestors sat in the streets and chanted Ã¢â¬ËBlack Lives Matter.Ã¢â¬â¢ There are consequences to police brutality and the outcome of these riots and rallies usually end inRead MoreRacism And Discrimination : America s Justice System1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescircumstances, Native Americans suffer from Rural justice that demonstrates high crime rates. Racial Profiling undermines public safety and strains police-community trust. When law enforcement officers target residents based on race, religion or national origin rather than the behavior, crime-fighting is less effective and community distrust of police grows. Depending on Kasper, Native Americans are imprisoned at 12 times the rate of whitesÃ¢â¬ (192). Thanks to the law enforcement discriminatory factorsRead MoreI Am The Oldest Of Five Children Essay1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesneighbors knew of the brutality taking place inside our home. We had very kind neighbors who allowed us to stay over when things were crazy at home, but they always looked at us with pity, which seems appropriate under the circumstances. All of these people had one thing in common, however: they never mentioned the abuse. No one did. Not my Mom when she held ice on her swollen eye or bloody lip; not my Dad after having put a hole in the plaster wall, no r any of us children. The police never came to ourRead MoreRacial Discrimination And The United States Essay2262 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesquality K-12 education, less police harassment, and a lack of harmful stereotypes. While it is impossible to prove or even disprove that white privilege is a part of our society, supporters typically cite a number of statistics including average incomes, arrest rates, and police shooting rates that at first appear very supportive of this concept. When you dig further into these statistics, there are many reasonable explanations for these high rates of poverty and fatal police shootings among minoritiesRead MoreIce Cube ( O Shea Jackson1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesauthentic and helped tell a story with its deep lyrics. Ã¢â¬Å"During the 1990s, Republican and Democratic politicians and some black leaders blamed, not all hip-hop music, but gangsta rap for all of the black communities social problems: drug use, teenage pregnancy, unemployment, gang viol ence, and high school dropouts. Even though these problems existed in the black community prior to gangsta rap, this music and culture has provided a convenient target to avoid addressing the causes of the real problemsRead MoreTupac Shakur : Multi Platinum Selling Rapper And Rapper Shakur1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmusic video as well. Ted Fields, CEO of Interscope Records, received TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s demo and was interested in signing him after he saw his teenage daughter interested in TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s music. Tupac released his first album 2Pacalypse Now on November 12, 1991. In 2Pacalypse Now, Tupac raps about teen pregnancy, social injustice, criminal activity, drug use, and police brutality. Many have enjoyed TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s music, but in 1992, Vice President of the United States Dan Quayle was not a fan. According to a Los AngelesÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreProgression of Black Masculinity2036 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessocioeconomic backgrounds begin to gain popularity. These movies often consisted of the portrayal of gangs, shootings, violence and robberies. The movies Juice and New Jack City echoed such a climate and showed constant conflict between gangs and police that arguably truly showed the complications of being black in low socioeconomic areas of cities. In fact where Krush Groove simply depicts gangsters as strong men w ho break laws and do criminal activities, New Jack City and even to some extent JuiceRead MoreCounterculture - Research Paper3195 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagessocial problems. Millions of Americans were poor, blacks were still segregated in the South and America was involved in the cruel Vietnam War. Ã¢â¬Å"They were disgusted by the dishonesty and sordid antics of so many of the politicians, horrified by the brutality of Vietnam, appalled by racism, contemptuous of the smugness in colleges and universitiesÃ¢â¬ (Carnes and Garraty 842). The youth met little sympathy among the older generation, which had experienced WWII and had problems understanding what the youthRead MoreCounterculture - Research Paper3180 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagessocial problems. Millions of Americans were poor, blacks were still segregated in the South and America was involved in the cruel Vietnam War. Ã¢â¬Å"They were disgusted by the dishonesty and sordid antics of so many of the politicians, horrified by the brutality of Vietnam, appalled by racism, contemptuous of the smugness in colleges and universitiesÃ¢â¬ (Carnes and Garraty 842). The youth met little sympathy among the older generation, which had experienced WWII and had problems understanding what the youth
Friday, May 15, 2020
Marie Hull Mr. Santini Global H 16 March 2015 How Religion in Rome Influenced the Development of Culture When most students and even some scholars study history, they view the past as just a series of facts and occurrences. And unfortunately, this is more or less the only way we are able to view history, simply because it has all happened many many years ago. But if we were able to look at history the way we look at our lives today, as not just a series of facts, but as a real era with real, living people, then we can gain an enormous amount of insight into what a certain period in history was truly like. We can begin to view history this way by studying how one event influences another. One incredibly rich and marvelous culture to which you can apply this method of studying history is Rome, and how it s religion affected the development of culture. Rome was a nation to which religion was immensely important, and it had a very prominent place in society: so much so that it changed the face of the Roman Empire forever. Religion and spirituality in Rome influenced all areas of daily life for Romans, including social, political, economic, and governmental aspects. One of the most visible ways Rome was affected by religion was in and through society. In Rome, there were many separations between the rich and the poor in society, but religious rituals were one, if not the only thing that tied them together. No matter your social status orShow MoreRelatedGreece s Influence On Roman Society And Consciousness Essay947 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGreeceÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on Roman Society and Consciousness RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to Assimilate Rome became a master at assimilating other culturesÃ¢â¬â¢ technology and ideas, often adding their own, RÃ ³man upgrades and refinements. This was demonstrated by RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s addition of the covus to the quinquereme warship design which they had copied from the CarthagÃ nians, leveraging the Etruscan arch in new ways, such as supporting huge aqueducts, and building on GreeceÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of theater construction to create the ColosseumRead MoreThe Common Themes Of Environmental Effects On Religion1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto the functions and behaviors of ancient civilizations. There are many commonalities that are existent in many civilizations, but three clearly emerge, as they are fundamental to many societiesÃ¢â¬â¢ cultures. The common themes of environmental effects on religion, combination of organized religion and culture and the formation of an organized language have all proven to be present throughout all stages of history and each all seem to play a major rule in a civilizationÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to grow, thrive, expandRead MoreThe Contrast and Comparison Between the Ancient Greeks and Romans1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprestigious race, the Romans were influenced by the Iliad (HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s legendary poem) that their religious beliefs were similar. Roman, on the other hand, influenced how other empires would be shaped in Middle East for centuries. Indeed, the Roman Empire formed a centralized state with a set of law, and a powerful leader on the top that was supported by military armies. Roman also contributes to the developments of law; for example, The Law of the Twelve Tables which created during the struggle of the ordersRead MoreMediterranean Society Under Greek and Roman Influence Essay855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescentury B.C.E. and during the late sixth century B.C.E, RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s development as a republic began as Etruscan society declinedÃ¢â¬ (Bentley et al, 2008 p.132, 145). The development of these empires encouraged cultural circulation, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. As Greece and Rome gained more territory within the Mediterranean society, they began to progress toward a more civilized order of humanity. How were they alike? How were they different? How did they each influenceRead MoreThe Creation of Rome1288 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDuring the eighth century B.C.E. a small Latin speaking community was established along the Tiber River in Italy called Rome. As time passed the community expanded its power and control until its control covered almost all of Italy around 264 B.C.E. To the Romans, their political abilities were just as important as their armyÃ¢â¬â¢s strength. Their political system worked so well because, when they conquered smaller societies the Romans allowed the conquered societies to rule themselves. Rome wouldRead MoreArt And Its Impact During The Era Of The Roman Empire1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswas built in the centre of Rome in Italy. It is considered to be among the greatest works of engineering and architecture built in a period of less than ten years. It was constructed under the watch of the Flavian dynasty and is, therefore, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Italygiudes.It n.p.). The Coliseum reveals the Roman citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ excitement, thirst, and blood lust for the gladiatorial games. It was designed to display wealth, might, and power. In Ancient Rome, various statutes were periodicallyRead MoreHow Truth Was Defined By Medieval Europeans1696 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1st 3 December 2015 How Truth Was Defined By Medieval Europeans In life majority of people believe telling the truth is the correct way of living. Truth has endured the world throughout time and is seemingly unanswerable to those who do not understand it because this subject appears in every culture. Truth goes along with universal questions such as what is beauty, justice, and power. And love but none have a direct answer because they are all dependent on the culture they are currently beingRead MoreInfluence Of Science And Religion1564 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1. Q) Compare and contrast the influence of science and religion in the development of humanity. Discuss both the positive and the negative. A) The systematic testing of observations, and the belief of something larger than ourselves, have been part of the human experience since time began. Both science and religion have influenced human thought and civilization. When a question could not be answered by time and observation, people fell back on spiritual explanationsRead MoreHan Dynasty and Roman Empire (Compare and Contrast)988 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire vary in their political development and achievements. The RomanÃ¢â¬â¢s developed two different codes of law, one that applied to citizens and another that applied to non-citizens. RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s trade routes were built using stone, which made it very easy for merchants to travel from one city to another over a vast amount of land. China, however, used a single code of law for all their citizens and conquered peoples, and used a long and treacherous trail in their trade; thatRead MoreWhat is Culture?1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWebsterÃ¢â ¬â¢s dictionary defines culture as Ã¢â¬Å"the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or timeÃ¢â¬ . (Culture) This paper will attempt to inform the reader of those influences that were instrumental in molding what is the modern culture of Italy. The geography, history, language, art, food, and religion of the Italian region all combine to form one of the richest cultures on planet earth. This culture has also been a key influencer of western culture as a whole. By better understanding
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The residents of a certain undisclosed town in Shirley JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ and the nameless narrator found in O. HenryÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Municipal ReportÃ¢â¬ are portrayed with completely different attributes by their respective creators. While Jackson introduces her readers to an Ã¢â¬Å"everydayÃ¢â¬ crowd of neighborly villagers in their preparation for a lottery, O. Henry presents his audience to a man who appears to be emotionally detached from society. Nevertheless, the outward appearances of the characters in these two texts utterly misrepresent who they truly are: the seemingly innocuous lottery in JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s short story is in reality a gruesome gathering for the townÃ¢â¬â¢s annual stoning whereas O. HenryÃ¢â¬â¢s narrator is not as aloof as he portrays himselfÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A much closer reading of Ã¢â¬Å"The Lottery,Ã¢â¬ for example, reveals that the men and women of the village are anything but Ã¢â¬Å"neighborly.Ã¢â¬ When Mrs. Tessie Hutchinson, one of the townÃ¢â¬â¢s female residents, comes late to the assembly, she is, as expected, warmly greeted by one of her friends who are already at the square: . . . Mrs. Hutchinson came hurriedly along the path to the square, her sweater thrown over her shoulders, and slid into place in the back of the crowd. Ã¢â¬Å"Clean forgot what day it was,Ã¢â¬ she said to Mrs. Delacroix, who stood next to her, and they both laughed softly. Ã¢â¬Å"Thought my old man was out back stacking wood,Ã¢â¬ Mrs. Hutchinson went on, Ã¢â¬Å"and then I looked out the window and the kids were gone, and then I remembered it was the twenty-seventh and came a-running.Ã¢â¬ She dried her hands on her apron, and Mrs. Delacroix said, Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re in time, though. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re still talking away up there.Ã¢â¬ (353-354) The relationship between Mrs. Hutchinson and Mrs. Delacroix appears to be genuinely affectionate and there is, for the time being, no reason to suspect anything insidious between these two women. Once again, the readers are lured by this deceptively idyllic portrayal of contemporary life in a remote village somewhere in America, and, hence, cannot sense the impending danger. As it turns out, the real purpose of the lottery is to
Briefing In Chicago, 35 to 40 percent of children are likely to screen positive for behavioral/mental health risk developing according to current screenings(AAP, 2013). Additionally the crime rate and gang activity in the youth population has reached the highest point in the last 20 years(Gorner et al., 2016). This upsetting statistic can be linked to deteriorating quality of mental health care in Illinois. The two are directly related to one another because the adolescence brought up in a heavily affected crime area have little to no access to mental health care. As of a fact the state of Illinois closed down 6 of Chicago s mental health care facilities in 2012 to consolidate care and the balance of the budget(Margaret, 2015). TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The state of Illinois has been far from transparent in terms of detailing its budget distribution. The Department of Human Services (DHS)did not receive a clear summary from Governor Bruce Rauner detailing the specifics about where he would spend money (Spielman, 2015). Community Behavioral Healthcare Association of Illinois condemned Governor Rauner s lack of transparency. CBHAI is a statewide association of mental health, substance abuse and youth service providers. Marvin Lindsey, CEO of CBHAI said Ã¢â¬Å"The epic political standoff between Republican Governor. Bruce Rauner and Democratic lawmakers has left the state without a full budget since last July. As a result, the state s mental health service infrastructure is being destroyed. (Fortino, 2016a) Stopgap s goal is to dedicate spending to neglected facilities and programs that truly need aid. These programs and facilities have been down or neglected for over 11 months, causing many devastating effects on the mental health community. Not only are those being affected, but people who have individually received money from the state are no longer getting enough funding to even buy general necessities. Ã¢â¬Å"Mental health advocates say the state budget impasse is having a devastating impactShow MoreRelatedCOMM292 Case Studies23202 Words Ã |Ã 93 Pagesfirst describe the team members. Essentially, they were all around 26 years of age, athletic, and had professional backgrounds in finance or economics. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll start with Tom Giffen, who was a self-professed introvert and who was passionate about the Chicago Cubs baseball team. Professionally, prior to business school, Griffin worked as a financial analyst on Wall Street for a few different firms. He spent time at the London School of Economics, but had not traveled outside the country much over the pastRead More5 Hour Energy Shot Business Proposal for the United Kingdom Expansion10942 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"energy shots have potentially more of a universal appeal than energy drinks, which are typically aimed at 18-34-year olds. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re seeing that 55+ year olds are buying energy shots.Ã¢â¬ xvi According to indexmundi.com, the median age in the United Kingdom is 40, and the average life expectancy is 80 years old.xvii 66% of the population is between the ages of 15-64, serving as the core target market for 5-Hour Energy. There is also the potential to target elderly consumers, which has been successfully in theRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 Pagesits original dimensions.Ã¢â¬ Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. To my family who have always encircled me with love and encouragementÃ¢â¬âmy parents (Samuel and Charlotte), my wife (Mary), my sons and their wives (Kevin and Dawn, Robert and Sally) and their children (Ryan, Carly, Connor and Lauren). C.F.G. Ã¢â¬Å"We must not cease from exploration and the end of all exploring will be to arrive where we begin and to know the place for the first time.Ã¢â¬ T. S. Eliot To Ann whose love and support has brought out theRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesDID YOU KNOW?: A Management Recap 31 The Strategic Nature 32 The HRM Functions 33 Staffing Function 34 Training and Development Function 35 Motivation Function 36 Maintenance Function 37 How External Influences Affect HRM 38 The Dynamic Environment of HRM 38 Laws and Regulation 38 Labor Unions 38 Management Thought 39 Structure of the HRM Department 40 Employment 40 Training and Development 41 Compensation and Benefits 42 Employee Relations 42 vi Contents Top Management Commitment 43 EffectiveRead MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words Ã |Ã 860 PagesAutomotive 3 Fems Healthcare, Inc. Clark Faucet Company 2 5 7 11 IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT Kombs Engineering 13 Williams Machine Tool Company 15 Wynn Computer Equipment (WCE) 17 The Reluctant Workers 20 Hyten Corporation 22 Macon, Inc. 35 Continental Computer Corporation 37 Goshe Corporation 43 Acorn Industries 49 MIS Project Management at First National Bank Cordova Research Group 70 Cortez Plastics 71 L. P. Manning Corporation 72 Project Firecracker 74 56 CONTENTS PhillipRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words Ã |Ã 820 PagesQuantitative Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 The Systems Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 The Contingency Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 The Learning Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Library and Information Center Management: The Historical Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Conclusion .Read MoreManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 PagesFor example, in 1908 managers at the Franklin Motor Company using scientiÃ¯ ¬ c management principles redesigned the work process, and the output of cars increased from 100 cars a month to 45 cars a day; workersÃ¢â¬â¢ wages, however, increased by only 90 percent.10 From other perspectives, however, scientiÃ¯ ¬ c management practices rais e many concerns. The deÃ¯ ¬ nition of workersÃ¢â¬â¢ rights, not by the workers themselves, but by the owners or managers as a result of the introduction of the new management practicesRead MoreWhat Are the Impacts of Rfid in Oil and Gas Supply Chain Management?21195 Words Ã |Ã 85 Pagespossible. I would like to thank my mother for her love, prayers and supports. She is a mother of all mothers. From humble root, she has always been there for me. To my wife and children, I thank them for the suffering and things they were deprived of and the inconveniences they had to endure during my study. Especially my children, I hope one day they will realize that Ã¢â¬Å"knowledge is powerÃ¢â¬ and it can take them to greater heights. Special thanks go to my supervisor who is also the course leader, DrRead MoreMonsanto: Better Living Through Genetic Engineering96204 Words Ã |Ã 385 Pagestraining case to help you do this. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be concerned if you get a slightly different analysis to other people Ã¢â¬â one of the glories of case analysis is that they are never Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢; some, however, are more plausible than others. 444 8/29/07 1:09:35 PM 445 P R E PA R I N G A N E F F E C T I V E C A S E A N A L Y S I S : THE FULL STORY In most strategic management courses, cases are used extensively as a teaching tool.1 A key reason is that cases provide active learners with opportunitiesRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pages) COURSESMART TEXTBOOKS ONLINE CourseSmart Textbooks Online is an exciting new choice for students looking to save money. As an alternative to purchasing the print textbook, students can subscribe to the same content online and save up to 50 percent off the suggested list price of the print text. With a CourseSmart eTextbook, students can search the text, make notes online, print out reading assignments that incorporate lecture notes, and bookmark important passages for later review. For more
Question: Discuss about the Report for Political Science of Eminent Political. Answer: Relevance Security Community refers to an area in which war does not take place and even the people living in this region could not even think of indulging into warfare. According to Bremberg (2015), in 1957, eminent political scientist Karl Deutsche coined the term. It is a group of people or region making an agreement of peaceful change of any critical situation. The agenda is to avoid war at any cost. By referring to the term peaceful change Deutsche pointed out that there will be no physical force while soling any problem. The people in the security community should have a sense of community, trust and mutual sympathy, and common interests. There exist two types of security communities- the amalgamated security communities, and the pluralistic security communities. One can find the existence of amalgamated security communities rarely. It is created when two or more independent states come together to form a government. However, amalgamation is not always successful because it needs mutual securi8ty and understanding between the nations. As discussed by Ruzicka (2014), about forty years ago, Deutsch propounded the concept by opining that existence of security community is felt whenever the state needs its entire people to integrate and assure the settlement of war. These states with a strong security community enjoy an edge over other states regarding peace and international security. As discussed by Deutsch (2015), it seems that every policy maker and defense official speculate about a world without violence and compare the present situation with the imagined one. It is seen as the best way to create stability and peace across the globe. What matters most is the development of a qualitative community within a state in which security lies at the core. However, with the passage of time the concept of security and community has undergone many changes. Some states conceptualize security as military security whereas; most of the states consider that the term security encompasses economic, social and environmental concern s. Moreover, the notion of transnational community gained value among the Deutschian policymakers that means they are trying to blend the old ideas with the new one as an experiment to find out a proper solution relevant to the modern age. Some scholars seem to deviate from realist-based approach to focus on the present and future security issues. Some arguments have highlighted that the realist dimension might look interesting as a theory but they are incapable of giving any practical solution. The inhabitants including the university students should care about the issue of security community because Australia went through this issue during the 1990s. By focusing on Australian security communities, the students will get to know various aspects of the concept because Australia constantly changed its place in the global politics. As discussed by Ruzicka (2014), with this change, some political communities also started relocating themselves in diplomatic, economic and political terms that Australia did during the 1980s and 1990s. The Australian Labor Party (ALP) started moving Australia from being a western country to a country belonging to the Asia pacific. By analyzing the political changeovers in Australia, the students will understand various foreign policy transformations. Russett (2015) stated that at present, the Australian National Security Community (NSC) includes the intelligence, law, defense, infrastructure development, border protection agencies, diplomatic and the intelligence of Australia. With the passage of time, the security communities have went through many changes according to the challenges the nation faces. According to Hyde-Price (2015), now, Australian NSC interconnects both the government and non-government industry for a fully enabled security platform. The students and the inhabitants should have the clear idea of how it works as it is related to their security. In Australia, cultural diversity is a major reason of conflict. Therefore, both the external and the internal securities should be maintained to prevent war. As Langton et al (2014) opined, the organized security communities present in the country trie s to maintain this diversity and ensures security of all the people. Therefore, the concept is a major one. Author-to-author The article named Security communities by Adler Barnett (1998) discussed various aspects of security communities. It discusses the concept of security community in terms of Australian society. The argument is based on case studies in Australia and it analyses the foreign policy transformations. They have pointed out how post-imperial history, national politico-economic growth and geo-strategic locations have influenced the liberal foreign policy of Australia after the post-Cold War age. The author have contrasted the former rules and norms followed by Australian security with the new and modern one. As discussed by Adler Barnett (1998), the security community is built merging people from previously independent states with similarity in government policies. Deutschs transactionalist point of view is highlighted. Cooper et al (1993) also made his point on transactionalism as they found it to be relevant to the legitimacy of European Union. However, Bremberg (2015) explained the resurgence of Deutschs theory, which Adler Barnett (1998) brought out precisely. They described the reasons behind this resurgence. However, as Bremberg (2015) stated that this resurgence involved modifications to overcome some of the methodological and conceptual barriers. Cooper et al (1993) opined that International relation theories started explaining the phenomenon of absence of war from various perspectives such as neo-realism, Neo-liberal institutionalism, Society of states, Kantian perspectives, and Constructivism. Stephen Walts arguments are discussed here. This article by Adler Barnett (1998) can be compared with Andrej Tusicisnys article entitled as Security Communities and Their values: Taking Masses seriously. The author here paid attention to the political and social values of those people belonging to the security community. He analyzed the social norms of those states where there are fewer occurrences of violence and war. According to Drulk Drulkov (2014), it is mentioned that most of the analyses try to find out the nature of interstate war focusing mainly on the elites. They do not consider the mass. This article tries to overcome this limitation by taking into consideration those areas that are outside of the interstate war. The difference with the previous article that has been discussed is that here there is no comparative study between logic of anarchy and logic of community. However, both the articles are necessary and relevant for the learners as they comprise different researches and try to analyze security community f rom different perspectives. The article by Adler and Bernett tries to cover as much areas as possible to reach to the important aspect whereas, Tusiniscys article focus mainly on the peaceful states. The territories discussed in Adler and Bernetts article tries to consider geographic, conceptual and historical aspects to make one understand how security community can be measured. There are chapters in this book covers places such as Southeast Asia, South America and the security communities of those areas are contrasted with that of European countries. It also focused on the different phases of security communities developed in those areas. According to De Mesquita (2013), another important element is the mentioning of various international organizations that have contributed to strengthen security communities. Academic students and interested learners will get to know in detail through this article how the organizations that are still working internationally actually exercise their influences in international relationships. As discussed by Adler (2013), he scrutinized the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europes functional activities the object of which is to widen the new norms and develop transnational identities. Bernett took to depict the situation present in the Gulf Cooperation Council, which is not a security community, but the concept has influenced this organization. US-Canadian relations, US-Mexican relationships are also discussed. According to Russett (2015), Tusiniscys article examined Deutschs theory extensively. Deutschs points are discussed in detail in this book. It dealt with values and trust associated with the concept of security community. It is mentioned that mass is a major factor here because public opinion influences policymaking. The relation between policy makers and public are termed as a two-level game. The leaders operate both domestically and internationally within the social structure. Democracy and democratic peace theory is given importance in this article while analyzing Deutschs theory. The article also provides factual examples regarding the support for democracy and tolerance of Out-Group. However, the article by Cooper et al (1993) evaluates the ASEAN community in terms of regional, national and sub-regional level. As discussed by Acharya (2014), it has emphasized on the constructivist theory, the practice of which generates a network among the people. The articles are interrelated yet they are different in their approaches. While the first article the focus is mainly on Australia, in the second article the author has tried to generate a wide view. Reference Acharya, A. (2014).Constructing a security community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the problem of regional order. Routledge. Adler, E. (2013). Constructivism in international relations: sources, contributions, and debates.Handbook of international relations,2, 112-144. Adler, E., Barnett, M. (1998).Security communities(Vol. 62). Cambridge University Press. Bremberg, N. (2015). The European Union as Security CommunityÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã Building Institution: Venues, Networks and CoÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã operative Security Practices.JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies,53(3), 674-692. Cooper, A. F., Higgott, R. A., Nossal, K. R. (1993).Relocating middle powers: Australia and Canada in a changing world order(Vol. 6). UBC Press. De Mesquita, B. B. (2013).Principles of international politics. Sage. Deutsch, K. W. (2015).Political Community and the North American Area. Princeton University Press. Drulk, P., Drulkov, R. (2014). The richness of the liberal tradition in international relations: Karl Deutsch on political community and the European integration.International Relations,28(3), 333-349. Hyde-Price, A. (2015). Security Communities.Democracy, Peace, and Security, 25. Langton, M., Palmer, L., Rhea, Z. M. (2014). Community-oriented protected areas for indigenous peoples and local communities.Indigenous Peoples, National Parks, and Protected Areas: A New Paradigm Linking Conservation, Culture, and Rights, 84. Russett, B. M. (2015). Transactions, Community, and International Political Integration. InBruce M. Russett: Pioneer in the Scientific and Normative Study of War, Peace, and Policy(pp. 53-73). Springer International Publishing. Ruzicka, J. (2014). A transformative social scientist: Karl Deutsch and the discipline of International Relations.International Relations,28(3), 277-287.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Globalization of Rydges Hotel Group Sydney. Answer: Introduction Global hospitality and tourism industry is growing at a rapid rate allowing more opportunities(Peters, 2009). Rydges Hotel is an Australian based chain of hotels that is focused in Sydney and other locations in Australia. The Company also offers alliance programs with Global Hotel Chains offering stays for its customers in over 500 global locations. The current aim of the business is to opt for international expansion by itself such that it can accommodate tourists outside Australia. The Company is extremely profitable and wants to expand its current expertise to outside of the country. The scope of the current study focuses on the international expansion modes that the Company will adopt for its internationalization strategy. Background of the Problem Rygdes Hotel in Australia is facing immense problem from stagnation in profits and market expansion opportunities(/www.rydges.com, Retrieved on 4th April 2017). Though it has a spread of a number of hotels across Australia, New Zealand and UK it is experiencing stagnation in growth rates compared to its previous years. In the scope of the recent business expansion, it is considering expanding into developing countries as India, Brazil, Mexico or Indonesia. These countries are currently expanding and offering a host of opportunities for hospitality industry to set up and conduct their businesses(Hjalager, 2010). The Company will thus, analyse situation prevailing in each of these countries and then adopt a suitable business model for expansion into these markets. Research aims and Objectives In order to attain goals of the study the following research aims and objectives have been designed(Mok, 2013). Research Objective 1: To understand the scope of international hospitality business Research Objective 2: To analyse the ideal market for expansion for the current hospitality chain Research Objective 3: To analyse the international expansion strategy that will be adopted by the brand Research Objective 4: To understand the barriers and opportunities of entry Methodology A research methodology is the most critical part of any project that allows the scholar to develop course of action(Cline, 2011). For the current research qualitative and quantitative data will be collected and analyzed. The data will be both of primary and secondary nature. Primary data, which is first hand data, will be collected by means of interviews, surveys, questionnaires and other methods. Secondary data will be collected by means of newspapers, internet sources, journals, books, company magazines and so on. As secondary data reliability cannot be assessed easily each of such data will be verified(Time, 2012). In order to attain research objectives relevant data from each of the country will be collected and analyzed. These collected data will provide insights regarding the prevalent macro-economic forces and industry conditions. Once data regarding each country has been collated then a suitable international entry strategy into these countries will be ascertained which will provide maximum amounts of revenue to the parent Company(Silverman, 2016). Conclusion The research aim and methodology allows ascertaining proper direction to the scope of the research work. From the methodology proper findings and analysis can be ascertained which will enable the Company to decide on the suitable country of expansion as well as the entry mode for expansion. While these developing countries provide immense opportunities there remains pertinent threats from the same regarding their political, economic and social scenario, also industry conditions prevalent in each country is separate. the scope of this study will allow to ascertain scope for global expansion for the Company. References /www.rydges.com. (Retrieved on 4th April 2017). Company Profile . https://www.rydges.com/. Cline, R. (2011). Data collection methods. . Introduction to the Pharmacy Business Administration Series. Hjalager, A. M. (2010). A review of innovation research in tourism. Tourism management, 1-12. Mok, C. S. (2013). Service quality management in hospitality, tourism, and leisure. . Routledge. Peters, M. F. (2009). The importance of lifestyle entrepreneurship: A conceptual study of the tourism industry. 393-405: Pasos. Silverman, D. e. (2016). Qualitative research. Sage. Time, C. (2012). Data Collection Methods. . Review of Sociology, 225-249.